Mammal Species of the World

hircus

Scope note
Type locality: "Habitat in montosis"; identified as Sweden (Thomas, 1911a:152), based on domesticated stock.
Scope note
Distribution: Afghanistan, Caucasus region (Armenia, Azerbaijan, NE Georgia, and S Russia), Iraq, Iran, Israel (till Neolithic), Jordan (extinct), Lebanon (extinct), S Pakistan, Syria (extinct), Turkey, and S Turkmenistan; anciently introduced into Greek isls and probably Oman. Domesticated worldwide; feral populations in British Isles, islands in the Mediterranean, USA, Canada, Chile, Argentina, Venezuela, Australia, New Zealand and many oceanic islands including Bonin, Hawaiian, Galapagos, Seychelles, and Juan Fernandez Isls.
Scope note
Status: CITES – Appendix I; ESA – Endangered C. falconeri (=aegagrus) chiltanensis [sic]; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. aegagrus chialtanensis; otherwise Vulnerable as C. acera and as C. a. aegagrus, C. a. cretica, and C. a. blythi.
Scope note
Synonyms: acera Desmarest, 1822; adametzi Kretzoi, 1942; aegyptiaca (Fitzinger, 1860); aethiopica Hartmann, 1864; africana (Sanson, 1878); anatolica (Fitzinger, 1859); angolensis Linnaeus, 1758; angorensis Linnaeus, 1766; arietina Desmarest, 1822; asiatica (Sanson, 1878); barbara de Blainville, 1816; barbarica (Fitzinger, 1860); brachyceros (Fitzinger, 1859); brachyotis (Fitzinger, 1859); buraitica (Fitzinger, 1859); calotus Reichenbach, 1845; capra (Fitzinger, 1860); capricornus Erxleben, 1777; chungra Gray, 1846 [nomen nudum]; cossus de Blainville, 1816; crispa (Fitzinger, 1859); depressa Linnaeus, 1758; domestica von Schreber, 1787; ecornis von Schreber, 1788; ensicornis Angst, 1911; europaea (Sanson, 1878); gazella (Fitzinger, 1860); girgentana Magliano, 1930; graeca Fiedler, 1841; guineensis (Fitzinger, 1859); hirsuta (Fitzinger, 1859); imberbis de Blainville, 1816; indorum (Fitzinger, 1859); iowensis (Palmer, 1956); jamaicensis J. B. Fischer, 1829; kelleri Duerst, 1908; laevipes (Fitzinger, 1859); lanigera Wagner, 1836; mambrica Linnaeus, 1758; montana Reichenbach, 1845; mutica Kerr, 1892; nana Kerr, 1792; nepalensis Reichenbach, 1845; prisca Adametz, 1915; promaza (Pomel, 1898); resima Wagner, 1836; reversa Linnaeus, 1758; rossica (Fitzinger, 1859); ruetimeyeri Duerst, 1899; sericea (Fitzinger, 1859); simus Rautenbach, 1845; stenotis (Fitzinger, 1859); tatarorum (Fitzinger, 1859); thebaica Desmarest, 1811; thibetana Desmarest, 1822; villosa Wagner, 1836; vulgaris von Schreber, 1787; aegagrus Erxleben, 1777; aegagros Chollet, Dayot and Neuville, 1904; aegergus Zivančević, 1960; algagrus Medvedeff, 1927; bezoartica Linnaeus, 1766 [nomen oblitum]; blythi Hume, 1875; caucasica Gray, 1843; cilicica Matschie, 1907; fera Desmarest, 1822; florstedti Matschie, 1907; gazella (Gmelin, 1788); neglecta Zarudny and Bilkevitsch, 1918; oegagrus Crespon, 1844; oegagyrus França, 1908; persica Matschie, 1905; turcmenica Tzalkin, 1950; chialtanensis Lydekker, 1913; cretica Schinz, 1838; cretensis Brisson, 1756 [unavailable]; cretensis von Lorenz-Liburnau, 1899; jourensis Ivrea, 1899; aegaeica Kretzoi, 1942; dorcas Reichenow, 1888 [preoccupied]; picta (Erhard, 1858).
Cataloger's note
Comments: Includes aegagrus, but see Corbet (1978c:214). Gentry et al. (1996) proposed that majority usage be confirmed by adoption of Capra aegagrus as the name for the wild taxon of Goats and asked the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature to use its plenary power to rule that the name for this wild species is not invalid by virtue of being antedated by the name based on the domestic form. A ruling has now been made in their favour (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 2003a). It might still be valid for those who consider C. hircus and C. aegagrus to be conspecific to employ the senior name for the name of the species (see Bock, 1997). Both names have been used when referring to wild Goats. Capra aegagrus Erxleben, 1777 is a junior synonym of C . bezoartica Linnaeus, 1766 whose syntypes may have included other species (Blanford, 1875b); bezoartica may be regarded as a nomen oblitum. Popu... [truncated]

hircus

Broader Terms

More specific terms

Date of creation
22-May-2008
Modified
01-Jan-1970
Accepted term
22-May-2008
Descendant terms
6
More specific terms
6
Alternative terms
0
Related terms
0
Notas
5
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