Mammal Species of the World

aries

Scope note
Type locality: "Habitat in siccis apricis calidis"; identified as Sweden by Thomas (1911a:153); domesticated stock.
Scope note
Distribution: Urial or Arkar in Afghanistan, NW India (Kashmir), NE and SE Iran, SW Kazakhstan, Oman (introduced?), Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Intermediate Laristan sheep in S Iran. Red Sheep or Mouflon in Armenia, S Azerbaijan, N Iraq, W Iran, and S and E Turkey; transported populations (Mouflon) on Corsica and Sardinia, introduced from there to Europe, Ukraine (Crimea), USA (incl. Hawaiian Isls), Chile, Kerguelen Isls, and Tenerife (Canary Isls); and on Cyprus. Domesticated worldwide; feral populations on St. Kilda and other small islands off the British Isles; improved domestic stock feral in Norway, Sweden, USA, islands off coasts of United Kingdom and New Zealand, Kerguelen Isls, and probably other oceanic islands.
Scope note
Status: CITES – Appendix I as O. orientalis ophion and O. vignei vignei, Appendix II as O. vignei; U.S. ESA – Endangered as O. musimon ophion and O. vignei vignei; IUCN – Endangered as O. orientalis ophion, O. o. bochariensis, O. o. punjabiensis, and O. o. vignei, Vulnerable as O. o. isphahanica, O. o. laristanica, O. o. arkal, O. o. gmelini, O. o. musimon, and O. o. cycloceros.
Scope note
Synonyms: adimain Boddaert, 1785; aegyptiaca Fitzinger, 1860; africana Linnaeus, 1758; anatolica Fitzinger, 1860; anglica Linnaeus, 1758; angolensis Fitzinger, 1860; antillarum Fitzinger, 1860; appendiculata Gené, 1834; arabica Fitzinger, 1860; arietina Fitzinger, 1860; arvernensis Sanson, 1878; asiatica Sanson, 1878; astracanica Reichenbach, 1845; astrachanica Gené, 1834; bakelensis de Rochbrune, 1882; barbarica Reichenbach, 1845; batavica Sanson, 1878; belgica Walther, 1809; bergamena Fitzinger, 1860; bohemica Walther, 1809 [nomen nudum]; borealis Fitzinger, 1860; brachyura Pallas, 1776; brittanica Sanson, 1878; bucharica Gmelin, 1758; buraetica Fitzinger, 1860; cabardinica Fitzinger, 1860; calmuccorum Fitzinger, 1860; calotis Fitzinger, 1860; campestris Fitzinger, 1860; capensis Erxleben, 1777; carnapi Müller-Liebenweide, 1896; colchica Fitzinger, 1860; congensis Reichenbach, 1845; corneri Millais, 1906; cornuta Erxleben, 1777; cretensis Boddaert, 1785; dacica Rautenbach, 1845; danica Walther, 1809; daurica Fitzinger, 1860; djalonensis de Rochebrune, 1882; dolichura Pallas, 1776; domestica (G. Fischer [von Waldheim], 1814); ecaudata I. Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, 1827; gallica Walther, 1809; germanica Walther, 1809; gothlandica G. Fischer [von Waldheim], 1814; guineensis Linnaeus, 1758; gutturosa Wagner, 1836; hebridica Fitzinger, 1860; hibernica Fitzinger, 1860; hispanica Linnaeus, 1758; hollandica Walther, 1809 [nomen nudum]; holsatica Fitzinger, 1860; hoonia Hodgson, 1842; indica Reichenbach, 1845; ingevonensis Sanson, 1878; iberica Sanson, 1878; islandica Pallas, 1794; italica Walther, 1809; jubata Kerr, 1792; kirgisica Fitzinger, 1860; laticauda Boddaert, 1785; laticaudata Linnaeus, 1758; leptura von Schreber, 1788; libyca Fitzinger, 1860; ligeriensis Sanson, 1878; lombardica Brüggemann, 1831; longicauda Gmelin, 1789; longicaudata Erxleben, 1777; longipes Desmarest, 1822; macedonica Fitzinger, 1860; macrocerca von Schreber, 1788; macroura Walther, 1809; madagascariensis Fitzinger, 1860; melanocephalus de Rochebrune, 1883; monasteriensis Fitzinger, 1860; mongolica Fitzinger, 1860; nana Kerr, 1792; numida Fitzinger, 1860; orcadica Fitzinger, 1860; ovis (Pallas, 1811); pachycerca Fitzinger, 1860; paduana Reichenbach, 1845; palaeoaegyptica Duerst and Gaillard, 1902; palustris Glür, 1895; parnassica Fitzinger, 1860; pegasus (C. H. Smith, 1827) [nomen dubium]; parnassica Reichenbach, 1845; persica Reichenbach, 1845; platyura Pallas, 1794; polonica Walther, 1809; polycerata Linnaeus, 1758; polyceros Boddaert, 1785; quadricornis Boddaert, 1785; recurvicauda Gené, 1834; rustica Linnaeus, 1758; scotica Fitzinger, 1860; senegalensis Fitzinger, 1860; sodanica Sanson, 1878; steatinion C. H. Smith, 1827; steatopyga Pallas, 1776; strepsiceros Linnaeus, 1758; studeri Duerst, 1904; suecica Walther, 1809; syenitica Fitzinger, 1855; syriaca Fitzinger, 1860; tarentina Fitzinger, 1860; tatarica Fitzinger, 1860; taurica Pallas, 1794; torticornis Reichenbach, 1845; tscherkessica Pallas, 1776; tunetana Fitzinger, 1860; turcica Walther, 1809; ungarica Walther, 1809; zetlandica Fitzinger, 1860; arkal Eversmann, 1850; arkar Brandt, 1852; dolgopolovi Nasonov, 1913; varentsowi Satunin, 1905; cycloceros Hutton, 1842; arabica Sopin and Harrison, 1986; blanfordi Hume, 1877; bochariensis Nasonov, 1914; punjabiensis Lydekker, 1913; isphahanica Nasonov, 1910; isphaganica Nasonov, 1910 [incorrect original spelling]; laristanica Nasonov, 1909; musimon (Pallas, 1811); corsicosardinensis Kowarzik, 1913; corsica Bourguignat, 1870; europaea Kerr, 1792 [nomen oblitum]; faidherbi Bourguignat, 1870; lartetiana Bourguignat, 1870; matschiei Duerst, 1905; musmon C. H. Smith, 1827; musimon von Schreber, 1782 [unavailable]; occidentalis Brandt and Ratzeburg, 1829; occidentosardinensis Kowarzik, 1913; rouvieri Bourguignat, 1870; sinesella Turcek, 1949; ophion Blyth, 1841; cypria Blasius, 1842; orientalis Gmelin, 1774; anatolica Valenciennes, 1856; armeniana Nasonov, 1919; erskinei Lydekker, 1904; gmelinii Blyth, 1841; typica Lydekker, 1898; urmiana Günther, 1899; vignei Blyth, 1841.
Cataloger's note
Comments: Includes orientalis; see Nadler et al. (1973). Also includes musimon and ophion, introduced in Neolithic to Corsica, Sardinia and Cyprus; see Payne (1968), Vigne (1988), and Hemmer (1990). For correct authorship of musimon, see Uerpmann (1980); Pallas (1811) included the Mouflon of Sardinia and Corsica described by Cetti with the Arkar of Turkmenistan and Iran as syntypes of musimon (Heptner et al., 1961). To avoid musimon being a senior synonym of arkal, the lectotype of musimon must be designated as a Corsican or Sardinian Mouflon. Gentry et al. (1996) proposed that majority usage be confirmed by adoption of Ovis orientalis as the name for the wild taxon of Red Sheep and asked the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature to use its plenary powers to rule that the name for this wild species is not invalid by virtue of being antedated by the name based on the domestic form. A ruling has now been made in their fav... [truncated]

aries

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Date of creation
22-May-2008
Modified
01-Jan-1970
Accepted term
22-May-2008
Descendant terms
9
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9
Alternative terms
0
Related terms
0
Notas
5
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